Research

LimeCulture is committed to ensuring that all of the information that we provide, or use as part of our work, is as up to date as possible. We pride ourselves on being at the forefront of developments in the field of sexual violence and this includes being aware of current professional thinking, new and emerging trends and the direction of policy and practice.  Often research forms a part of a project that we are asked to deliver, with the information underpinning any reports, standards, recommendations or service improvements that we may make. 

However you look at it, research plays a big part in development, and here at LimeCulture we recognise the value in learning from others (including from other parts of the world), monitoring changes and capturing the details that make progress a reality as they occurs. And of course, research enables us to share the learning of our challenges and our successes.

We have been involved in a few interesting research projects recently, some of which are described below.  However, over the coming years, LimeCulture intends to expand the research aspect of our work.  If you think we may able to support you with research you are currently doing, or thinking of commissioning, please email info@limeculture.co.uk for more information.

Independent Sexual Violence Adviser (ISVA) Services play an important role in providing specialist tailored support to all victims and survivors of sexual violence. In September 2017, the Home Office published the essential elements of the ISVA role Alongside the National Occupational Standards  which provide a comprehensive approach to individual ISVA’s practice, however they do not describe the quality standards that are required to assure safe and effective ISVA service delivery. Additionally, given the complex nature of support provided by ISVA services, and their important role in supporting both health & well being and the criminal justice process, it is clear that the provision of ISVA services must be of the highest quality in order to provide effective, professional and boundaried support to their clients, who are often extremely vulnerable. During our extensive training and consultancy work in this area, LimeCulture are routinely asked to provide support and guidance on how best to quality assure the provision of ISVA services. Therefore, in consultation with policy leads, ISVA service providers and their commissioners, LimeCulture CIC has developed these Quality Standards for ISVA Services alongside an Independent Accreditation Programme For further details visit see Quality Standards and Accreditation 

During Spring 2018 LimeCulture CIC and Intersol Global Limited worked with colleagues at Keele University to conduct a comprehensive review of the introduction of a case management approach at Keele as a part of the University’s response to sexual misconduct in the University community. 

The review looked in particular at the role of the case manager, the interface of the case manager role and the SVLO role and the management of sexual misconduct cases in light of the Pinsent Mason guidance. The report highlights what worked well, where there were gaps and made recommendations to enhance the current process.

It is the view of LimeCulture and Intersol that the Student Services team at Keele University, led by Ian Munton (now at Staffordshire University) and Claire Slater, should be commended for their proactive and ground-breaking approach to tackling sexual misconduct in their University community.  It was clear that there is overwhelming enthusiasm and commitment from both the University and Student Union staff at Keele to ensure victims / survivors of sexual misconduct from the University community have access to a safe, effective and accessible service to support them following their experience of sexual misconduct, and to provide an appropriate organisational response to the management of risk and the provision of appropriate actions under the University disciplinary code for students.

Keele has taken a difficult role at the forefront of developing the higher education sector response to issues of sexual misconduct and continues to share the learning from their experience with the sector by publishing this report for the benefit of colleagues also working in this field.

If you have any questions please email info@limeculture.co.uk

The report is available for download by clicking this link Keele Report Publication

The number of services supporting male victims/survivors of sexual violence has increased over recent years. In part, this is due to organisations responding to male victims/survivors who want to access support, but is also a result of the drive by commissioners to ensure equitable services are provided in their local communities.

As services for male victims/survivors are developed, it is crucial that they are able to meet the specific needs of their clients.

Male Survivors PartnershipThe Male Survivors Partnership (MSP), a collaborative of organisations supporting male victims/survivors of sexual violence, commissioned LimeCulture CIC to research, develop and implement quality standards for services supporting male victims/survivors of sexual violence, including an accreditation and monitoring process.

For further details please visit  Quality Standards and Accreditation 

For any queries concerning the Quality Standards , Wave One Application or the accreditation process please email mqs@limeculture.co.ukSaveSaveSaveSaveSaveSave

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Mapping ISVA Services in England and Wales

In August 2015, LimeCulture was commissioned by the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse to undertake an ISVA Services mapping exercise. The mapping exercise took place between September and November 2015 and enabled LimeCulture to compile a database based on a snap-shot of the ISVA services that were operating during that time.

This was the first time that ISVA services across England and Wales have been mapped in this way and therefore the outcome of the Mapping exercise is that it provides the most up-to-date information about ISVA services that is currently available.

The ISVA Service Mapping exercise also enabled the identification of individual ISVAs who operate within the ISVA Services across England and Wales for the first time.  Although this does not amount to a central register of ISVAs, it does provide the most comprehensive list of individual ISVAs currently available, as well as providing information about their accredited training.

The main aim of the Mapping exercise was to underpin the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse’s knowledge around ISVA services, should they be required by individuals engaging with the Inquiry who are in need of local support.

Application of Section 41 Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999: A Survey of Independent Sexual Violence Advisers (ISVAs)

LimeCulture conducted a survey of Independent Sexual Violence Advisers (ISVAs) and asked them about the court cases that they have attended over a two-year period – April 2015 – April 2017 – the findings have shown that Section 41 of the Youth Justice Crime and Evidence Act 1999 is not alway being applied in line with Government guidelines.

Section 41 was introduced in 1999 to protect victims from unfair questioning about their previous sexual history during court proceedings. 

The findings outlined in this report show that complainants are not always consistently informed about the intention to question them about their sexual history, which could also mean there is no opportunity for the prosecution to challenge this, or to take instructions, or to call witnesses to challenge the facts of the sexual history being discussed. As victims of sexual crime do not have access to independent legal representation, it is up to the judge or prosecution to ensure Section 41 is upheld correctly. It is clear this not happening in all cases.

To view the report please click here

Risk and need identification and management are an essential element of the ISVA role. Effective support from an ISVA will include an awareness of their client’s overall needs as well as an awareness of the degree of risk that they may face or present to themselves and/or others.

In Autumn 2016 LimeCulture CIC was awarded funding from the Home Office Support for Victims and Survivors of Sexual Abuse (SVSSA) Fund to develop a Risk and Needs Assessment Tool for use by all ISVAs working across England and Wales to support victims and survivors of sexual violence.

The Safety and Support (SAS) Assessment has been developed specifically for use by Independent Sexual Violence Advisers (ISVAs)

The benefits of using the SAS Assessment will be wide-ranging for clients, individual ISVAs, ISVA Managers, ISVA Services (at an organisational level) and Commissioners.

How the SAS Assessment has been developed?

The development of the Safety and Support (SAS) Assessment has included learning from existing and other risk & needs assessment tools (e.g. drug & alcohol, domestic violence and mental health) as well as consultation and feedback from more than 50 ISVAs (and their Services) to assist in the design of the tool.

The SAS Assessment has been trialled by 5 Pathfinder services to identify any specific implementation issues as well as establish the effectiveness of the SAS Assessment, ensuring it is fit for purpose and meets the needs of ISVA’s and their clients.

LimeCulture provide a series of regional workshops during March 2017 (Newcastle, Leeds, Manchester, Nottingham, Peterborough, Birmingham, Cardiff, Bristol, Brighton and London ) as well as additional workshops for Commissioners and ISVA Managers ( Birmingham and London) in May 2017,  to support the implementation of the SAS Assessment. 

Safety and Support (SAS) Assessment

The SAS Assessment is a domain-based assessment that allows the ISVA to identify their client’s individual risks and needs (without prescribing a form of words or imposing a checklist).

It allows ISVAs to more robustly identify, monitor and manage the individual risks and/needs of their clients over time

There are 14 domains included in the SAS Assessment (including personal and individual requirements, harm from others, health and medical, employment & education, risk to services & professionals and professional judgement)

Given the fluidity of risk, it recommended that the SAS Assessment is used by the ISVA at every contact with the client. A full SAS Assessment is suggested at the initial meeting, then reviewed at each contact with the client (with a focus on the domains where risk and/or need is identified). It should be reviewed in full at scheduled intervals throughout the journey of support provided by the ISVA.

The SAS Assessment allows the ISVA to draw up an individual and tailored Safety and Support (SAS) Plan to meet all of the client’s risks and needs, and provides clarity about the nature of support the ISVA will provide.

Implementation of the Safety and Support (SAS) Assessment

The SAS Assessment and Support Plan templates and accompanying toolkit can be downloaded at no cost using the links below. The templates can be customised and amended to include service specification, commissioning or management requirements.

Inclusion on IT systems 

  • DPMS – Rape Crisis England and Wales have confirmed that it will be uploaded to DPMS in August.
  • Oasis – Oasis has confirmed that it will be uploaded at the end of June
  • Paloma – Modus Soteria – SAS Assessment has been uploaded and are currently testing it before alerting their users. We expect this to be ready soon.

If you use another system and would like us to liaise with them on your behalf, please do let us know if we can be of assistance.

For more information about the Safety and Support Assessment please email becky.dewdney-york@limeculture.co.uk

An Audit of Independent Sexual Violence Advisers (ISVA)

During August and September 2014, King’s College London and LimeCulture jointly conducted ‘An Audit of Independent Sexual Violence Advisers (ISVAs)’. The research was published in February 2015 and yielded new information about the role of the ISVA, including a profile of ISVAs and their clients, as well as a description of the way in which the role is being undertaken, the nature of caseloads and working practices, ISVA training and supervision, and ISVAs’ perceptions on the role and its future. The findings have implications for policy and practice; these are framed in ten key recommendations.

To view the report please click here